The UN has been holding annual climate change talks for 20 years but the two-week COP21 meeting that starts in Paris on Monday.

Delegates from 195 countries are due to finalise an agreement to cut global emissions of the greenhouse gases.
COP is short for “conference of the parties” to that 1992 Rio framework convention, which has now been ratified by 195 countries. There have been 20 COPs since 1995 — and this is the 21st, or in UN-speak, COP21.

PM Narendra Modi wrote in the opinion section of today’s ‘Financial Times’-

“The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities should be the bedrock of our collective enterprise. Anything else would be morally wrong,”

“Some say advanced countries powered their way to prosperity on fossil fuel when humanity was unaware of its impact.”

“Since science has moved on and alternative energy sources are available, they argue that those just beginning their development journey bear no less responsibility than those who have reached the zenith of their progress. New awareness, however, should lead advanced countries to assume more responsibility. Just because technology exists does not mean it is affordable and accessible.”

“Justice demands that, with what little carbon we can still safely burn, developing countries are allowed to grow. The lifestyles of a few must not crowd out opportunities for the many still on the first steps of the development ladder,”
“We expect the same from the world with respect to responding to climate change,”

“The lifestyles of a few must not crowd out opportunities for the many still on the first steps of the development ladder”.

“We will clean our rivers and create smart cities. We are replacing diesel with clean energy, and building 50 new metro railways.”

“By 2030, we will reduce emissions intensity by at least 33 per cent of 2005 levels”