Dhanteras Festival marks the beginning of the five-day long Diwali or Dipavali celebrations all over India. In many parts of India, the festivities start with Dhanteras, followed by Naraka Chaturdasi on second day, Diwali on the third day, Diwali Padva dedicated to wife–husband relationship on the fourth day, and festivities end with Bhai-dooj dedicated to sister–brother bond on the fifth day.
It is said that On the day of Dhantrayodashi, Goddess Lakshmi came out of the ocean during the churning of the Milky Sea. Hence, Goddess Lakshmi, along with Lord Kubera who is the God of wealth, is worshipped on the auspicious day of Trayodashi.
The word Dhanteras is constituent of the terms ‘dhan‘ which means wealth and ‘teras‘ which means thirteenth, hence it is a festival observed on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha, of the Hindu month of Kartik (October-November), which falls just two days before Diwali, wherein people oblate to be blessed with prosperity and good health. Dhanteras is also known as ‘Dhantrayodashi‘ and ‘Dhanvantari Trayodashi‘.
Dhanteras Puja Muhurta, Panchang for Dhantrayodashi Day, Date, Timings
Dhanteras 2016 Date- Dhanteras is on Friday, October 28
Dhanteras Puja Muhurta = 17:35 to 18:20
Pradosh Kaal = 17:35 to 20:11
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:35 to 20:30
Trayodashi Tithi Ends = 18:20 on 28/Oct/2016
When to do Dhanteras pooja, How to do Dhanteras pooja, Dhanteras Puja Vidhi
Dhanteras Vrat Katha or the story of Goddess Lakshmi and poor farmer:-
Once, Goddess Lakshmi insisted Lord Vishnu to accompany Him during one of His visits to the earth. Lord Vishnu agreed but on the condition that She would not fall for earthly temptations and would not look in the south direction.
Goddess Lakshmi agreed to this condition of Lord Vishnu. However during their visit to the earth, due to Her Chanchal nature Goddess Lakshmi got tempted to look in the south direction.
When Goddess Lakshmi was not able to resist her urge to look in the south direction, She broke her pledge and started moving towards south.
As soon as Goddess Lakshmi started moving in the southern direction, She was mesmerized with the beauty of yellow mustard flowers and sugarcane fields on the earth.
Finally, the Goddess Lakshmi fell for the earthly temptations and decorated herself with the mustard flowers and started enjoying sugarcane juice.
When Lord Vishnu saw that Goddess Lakshmi has broken her pledge, He got annoyed and asked Her to spend the next twelve years on the earth as a penance, serving at the field of the poor farmer who has cultivated mustard and sugarcane in the field.With the arrival of Goddess Lakshmi, the poor farmer became prosperous and wealthy overnight.
Gradually, twelve years passed and the time for Goddess Lakshmi to return back to Vaikuntha had come. When Lord Vishnu came to the earth in disguise of an ordinary man to take Goddess Lakshmi back, the farmer refused to relieve Goddess Lakshmi from his services.
When all attempts to by Lord Vishnu failed and the farmer didn’t agree to relieve Goddess Lakshmi from his services, Goddess Lakshmi revealed her true identity to the farmer and told him that She could not stay any longer on the earth and need to go back to Vaikuntha.
However, Goddess Lakshmi promised the farmer that She would visit him every year during the night of Krishna Trayodashi before Diwali.
As the legend goes, the farmer started cleaning his home every year to welcome Goddess Lakshmi on the day of Krishna Trayodashi before Diwali. He also started lighting an earthen lamp full of Ghee throughout the night to welcome Goddess Lakshmi.
These rituals to appease Goddess Lakshmi made the farmer rich and prosperous year after year. People who came to know about this incident also started worshipping Goddess Lakshmi on the night of Krishna Trayodashi before Diwali.
This is how devotees started worshipping Goddess Lakshmi along with Lord Kubera on the day of Dhanteras which is also known as Dhantrayodashi.
What & When to Purchase on Dhanteras
On Dhanteras Hindus consider it auspicious to purchase gold or silver articles or at least one or two new utensils. It is believed that new “Dhan” or some form of precious metal is a sign of good luck. “Lakshmi Puja” is performed in the evenings when tiny Diyas of clay are lit to drive away the shadows of evil spirits.
So Dhanteras is traditionally the country’s busiest gold buying period.