India is a country which is known for its diverse culture and tradition and eid in India is one of the most awaited festival. it has almost all the religion found all over the world. Islam which constitutes about 14.9% of the population and second most in the world after Indonesia. Muslims celebrate Eid (eid al-fitr) which is one of the biggest and most important festival for them,after a month or ramdaan they celebrate it with full of harmony and happiness. it is said that in this holy month of ramadaan muslims worship with full of their ability for their forgiveness from God (Allah). Fasting is practiced for the admittance of their own will to god. It also teaches a Muslim to stay away from worldly desires and to focus entirely on the Lord and thank Him for his blessings. It is a rejuvenation of the religion and it creates a stronger bond between the Muslim and their Lord.
The Eid prayer is performed in congregation in open areas like fields, community centres or at mosques. No call to prayer is given for this Eid prayer, and it consists of only two units of prayer with an additional six incantations. The Eid prayer is followed by the sermon and then a supplication asking for Allah’s forgiveness, mercy, peace and blessings for all living beings across the world. The sermon also instructs Muslims as to the performance of rituals of Eid, such as the zakat. Listening to the sermon at Eid is not required and is optional, a Sunnah i.e. while the sermon is being delivered.
History ! What is Eid ul Fitr?
Eid al-Fitr was originated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is observed on the first of the month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims undergo a period of fasting.
According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad from Mecca. Anas reports:When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities at which they replied that these days were occasions of fun and recreation. At this, the Prophet remarked that the Almighty hasfixed two days [of festivity] instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha Eid gifts, known as Eidi, are frequently given at eid to children and immediate relatives.
Eid (eid al-fitr) Tradition
The night before Eid is called Chaand Raat, which means, “Night of the Moon”. Muslims in these countries will often visit bazaars and shopping malls with their families for Eid shopping. Women, especially younger girls, often apply the traditional Mehndi, or henna, on their hands and feet and wear colourful bangles. The traditional Eid greeting is Eid Mubarak, and it is frequently followed by a formal embrace. Gifts are frequently given — new clothes are part of the tradition — and it is also common for children to be given small sums of money (Eidi) by their elders. It is common for children to offer salam to parents and adult relatives.
How do Muslims celebrate Eid al-Fitr?
After the prayers, Muslims visit their relatives, friends and acquaintances or hold large communal celebrations in homes, community centres or rented halls.
After the Eid prayers, it is common for some families to visit graveyards and pray for the salvation of departed family members. It is also common to visit neighbours, family members, specially senior relatives called Murubbis and to get together to share sweets, snacks and special meals including some special dishes that are prepared specifically on Eid.
celebratory dishes for Eid al-Fitr eid in India
Special celebratory dishes in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh include Lachcha/লাচ্চা or sivayyan, a dish of fine, toasted sweet vermicelli noodles with milk and dried fruit. On Eid day before prayers, people distribute a charity locally known as fitra. Many people also avail themselves of this opportunity to distribute zakat, an Islamic obligatory alms tax of 2.5% of one’s annual savings, to the needy. Zakat is often distributed in the form of food and new clothes.
Popular places for Muslims to congregate to celebrate Eid in India
In India, there were many popular places for Muslims to congregate to celebrate Eid at this time include the Jama Masjid in New Delhi, Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad, Aishbagh Idgah in Lucknow; in Kolkata there is a prayer held on Red Road. Muslims turn out in the thousands, as there is a lot of excitement surrounding the celebration of this festival. It is common for non-Muslims to visit their Muslim friends and neighbours on Eid to convey their good wishes.
Eid is celebrated grandly in the city of Hyderabad which has rich Islamic heritage. Hyderabadi haleem a type of meat stew is a popular dish during the month of Ramadan, it takes centre stage and becomes the main course at Iftar(the breaking of the fast).
Eid al-Fitr 2016 date
Update–Eid 2016 date in India: Eid al-Fitr date to be revealed on Monday depending on Saudi Arabia crescent moon sighting