Kalabhairav Jayanti is the birth anniversary of fierce manifestation of Lord Shiva associated with annihilation. Bhairava (Sanskrit, “Terrible, Frightful”) is a Hindu deity, a fierce manifestation of Shiva associated with annihilation. Kalabhairava is usually depicted in a fierce form decorated with serpents and carrying a head.
Bhairava originated in Hindu legends and is sacred to Hindus and Jains alike. He is worshiped throughout India and Nepal.
Bhairava is the wandering form of Lord Shiva and they guard the cardinal points. There are 64 Bhairavas. These 64 Bhairavas are grouped under 8 categories and each category is headed by one major Bhairava. The major eight Bhairava’s are called Aṣṭāṅga Bhairava’s. The Ashta Bhairava’s control the 8 directions of this universe.
Kalabhairav Jayanti Date, Timing
Kaal Bhairav Mantra ,Puja Vidhi-
Kaal Bhairav is one of the most ferocious manifestations of Lord Shiva. Once Lord Brahma grew arrogant and egoistic. During those times he had five heads one on top of the four heads. Lord Shiva wanted to teach him a lesson and make him more committed and responsible to his task. Therefore he created Kaal Bhairav from his nail and thus Kaal Bhairav manifested as an incarnation of Lord Shiva.
Kaal Bhairav moved towards Brahma and severed his top head with his nail. The skull of Braham also called as Brahma Kapala got stuck to his hand and this is depicted in the iconographic image of Lord Kaal Bhairav found in all temples. Kaal Bhairav’s vehicle or vahan is a black dog. Kaal Bhairave appears naked like a child and wanders like a mendicant. He is so easily pleased and blesses his devotees with wealth, health and prosperity.
The most appropriate and auspicious time to worship Kaal Bhairav is the Rahukal period on Sundays (4:30pm to 6:00pm). Usually, the devotees carry sacred materials including Coconut, Flowers, Sindoor, Mustard oil, black sesame etc to please Kaal Bhairav.
Story of Kala Bhairava
kala bhairava was a mendicant(beggar) with a begging bowl in hand. the begging bowl was not just any vessel. it was the skull of brahma’s fifth head. lord shiva cut it off to humble brahma and vishnu.
So here goes the story:
Brahmâ and Vishnu were disputing with each other for the status of supreme God and appealed to the testimony of the four Vedas, which unanimously proclaimed Rudra-Shiva as the Ultimate Truth of the Universe. But the disputants were unable to accept that Rudra, endowed with so many revolting symbols of impurity and degradation, could be identical with the Absolute Reality of Brahman. Brahmâ laughed scornfully: “How could the Brahman, free of all attachment, lustily sport with his wife in the company of his troop of deformed churn-goblins (pramatha)?” However, Rudra’s supremacy was finally reconfirmed by the esoteric sound-syllable, Omkâra, quintessence of the Veda and most condensed symbol of Brahman, who pointed out that Shiva’s wife is not adventitious to her husband but on the contrary embodies his own blissful essence. Just then an immense pillar of flame manifested itself in their midst, within which was recognized the towering figure of the three-eyed Rudra bearing his trident, serpents and crescent moon. But the fifth head of Brahmâ taunted him: “I know who you are, Rudra, whom I created from my forehead. Take refuge with me and I will protect you, my son!”
Overflowing with anger, Shiva created a blazing Bhairava in human form, addressing this Kâlabhairava as “Lord of Time-Death” (kâla) for he shone like the god of Death: “You are called Bhairava because you are of terrifying features and are capable of supporting the universe. You are called Kâla-Bhairava, for even Time-Death is terrified of you.” He ordered him to chastise Brahmâ, promising him in return eternal suzerainty over his city of Kâshî (Vârânasî), the cremation-ground of the Hindu universe, where final emancipation is assured.
In a trice, Bhairava ripped off Brahmâ’s guilty head with the nail of his left thumb. Seeing this, the terrified Vishnu eulogized Shiva and devotedly recited his sacred hymns, followed in this by the repentant Brahmâ. Thereby they gained his protection by realizing and acknowledging the supreme reality of Shiva. The severed head immediately stuck to Bhairava’s hand, where it remained in the form of the skull, destined to serve as his insatiable begging-bowl.Enjoining him to honor Vishnu and Brahmâ, Shiva then directed Bhairava to roam the world in this beggarly condition to atone for the sin of Brahmanicide. “Show to the world the rite of expiation for removing the sin of Brahmanicide. Beg for alms by resorting to the penitential rite of the skull (kapâlavrata).” Creating a maiden renowned as ‘Brahmanicide’ (brahmahatyâ), Shiva instructed her to relentlessly follow Bhairava everywhere until he reached the holy city of Kâshî to which she would have no access.
Observing the Kâpâlika rite with skull in hand and pursued by the terrible Brahmahatyâ, Bhairava sported freely, laughing, singing and dancing with his goblin horde (pramathas). Stealing more than the hearts of all women, even the chaste wives of the Seven Vedic Sages (sapta-rshi) as he passed through the Daru forest, the erotic ascetic arrived at Vishnu’s door to seek redemption only to find his entry barred by the guard, Vishvaksena. Spearing the latter and heaving the corpse of this Brahman on his shoulder, he pressed before Vishnu with outstretched begging-bowl. Vishnu split his own forehead-vein (see pic 2) but the out-flowing blood, the only suitable offering, could not fill the skull though it flowed for eons.
When Vishnu then tried to dissuade Brahmahatyâ from tormenting Bhairava, the criminal observed that “beggars are not intoxicated by the alms they receive as (are others) by drinking the wine of worldly honor.” Vishnu venerated him as the Supreme Being, untainted by sins like Brahmanicide, and acknowledged that his dependence and degradation were a mere fancy. Before leaving joyously to beg elsewhere, Bhairava reciprocated by recognizing Vishnu as his foremost disciple and acknowledged the latter’s status as “grantor of boons to all the gods.” On arriving at Kâshî, Brahmahatyâ sank into the nether-world, and the holy ground on which the skull fell, freeing Bhairava from his Brahmanicide, came to be known as Kapâlamocana. It was on the eighth day (ashtamî) in the dark (waning moon) half of the month of Mârgashîrsha that Lord Shiva manifested himself as Bhairava. Ever since, by performing ablution at Kapâlamocana one is rid of even the worst sin of brahmanicide (brahmahatyâ); and whosoever fasts on this day (Bhairavâshtamî) in front of Kâlabhairava (temple at Kâshî) and stays awake at night is freed from great sins.
The original Kâla Bhairava temple was located on the banks of the Kapâlamocana Tîrtha itself, in the Omkâreshvara area north of Maidâgin in Vâranasî, where Bhairava remained as the ‘Sin-Eater’ (Pâpa-Bhakshana) par excellence to devour the accumulated sins of devotees and pilgrims. If the pilgrims to Kâshî do not fear death there, this would be because their pilgrimage to the Mahâshmashâna is conceived on the ritual model of Bhairava’s own arrival at Kâshî for absolution from his terrible sin and his subsequent establishment there. The paradox of Bhairava’s scapegoat function even after his ‘purification’ can be explained as a ‘lawful irregularity’ resulting from the two opposing valorizations, diachronically disjoined in the myth, of his transgressive essence; it matches the complementary paradox of the pure Kâshî-Vishvanâtha himself being identified esoterically with the impure criminal Bhairava.